20534 - INSTITUTIONS, GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY - MODULE II B
Course taught in English
Go to class group/s: 31
This course introduces students to the study of societies, economies, institutions and population through a sociological research lens. It introduces sociological research by emphasizing a theoretically-driven empirical approach, starting from Goldthorpe’s idea of ‘Sociology as a population science’, i.e. that the basic targets of sociological explanations are population-level regularities, and that explanations should proceed through micro-founded social mechanisms. Some exemplar articles is discussed with reference to topics such as educational choices, inequality, social stratification and mobility, gender, family, health.
Second Block - Institutions and economic outcomes (Instructor: Carlo Devillanova).
The aim of the course is to lay the groundwork for an understanding of the role of institutions in modern economic systems. The course starts by examining the so-called fundamental causes of long-run development (geography, institutions, and culture) and then focuses on the link between (formal and informal) institutions and macroeconomic outcomes.
The first part of lectures discusses the conventional theoretical framework used to identify growth-enhancing institutions. It also presents recent empirical evidence on the causal effect of institutions on long-term development. The second part of lectures offers a broad overview of alternative approaches to study the relationship between institutions and economic outcomes. The main goal is to highlight the variety of available methods and theories, which often deliver very different policy prescriptions on how to shape economically efficient institutions. The relationship between institutions, inequality and macroeconomic outcomes is also addressed. Finally, the last part covers some new developments of macroeconomic modelling, which help to reconcile the different approaches/conclusions surveyed in the first two blocks of the course.
- The material for the exam includes lecture slides and the readings marked with an asterisk.
- The other readings are non-compulsory (except for parts that may be included in the slides).
- J.H. GOLDTHORPE, Sociology as a Population Science, Cambridge University Press, 2016. Article list (to be specified later)