20322 - DECISION MAKING AND NEGOTIATION
Course taught in English
Go to class group/s: 31
Class 31: ANNA GRANDORI
Managing is largely a decision making activity, and this course is aimed at improving knowledge and skills in that fundamental field. The course provides concepts and tools for improving decision making and negotiation strategies, behaviors and solutions, utilizing and integrating tools from behavioral science and rational decision and negotiation models. In particular, it provides tools for sustaining effective and innovative decision and negotiation behavior in uncertain, risky and open problems, with applications in a wide variety of settings (not only business policy and entrepreneurial decisions, but also labor disputes, inter-organizational negotiations, political and judicial problems). The course format is based on active teaching, providing analytic models and developing skills through simulations and case studies.
- Foundations of decision making. How to frame problems and objectives. Improving heuristics for judgement under uncertainty. Alternative decision strategies and their selection.
- When to employ decision teams. Governing team decision making dynamics.
- When to negotiate. Types of conflict of interests and negotiation structures. Types of negotiation strategies. How to improve agreements.
- Power and fairness in negotiations.
- Organizational cultures in negotiations.
- Multi-party negotiations and coalition analysis.
- Distinguish effective and ineffective heuristics for decision making.
- Select a decision strategy appropriate to a problem.
- Recognize different game and negotiation structures.
- Select negotiation strategies appropriate to the negotiation structure.
- Develop personal skills in problem solving and negotiating.
- Evaluate strategies and behavior applied by other actors.
- Diagnose the key features and address the challenges of decision and negotiation situations.
- Devise appropriate behaviors and design superior solutions and agreements.
- Face-to-face lectures
- Guest speaker's talks (in class or in distance)
- Exercises (exercises, database, software etc.)
- Case studies /Incidents (traditional, online)
- Individual assignments
- Group assignments
- Interactive class activities (role playing, business game, simulation, online forum, instant polls)
Each session includes an experiment or simulation in which to experiment the strategies and behaviors topic of the session. Conceptualizations and models are reconstructed on the basis of the analysis of the empirical evidence generated by the experiments conducted in class, connected and compared with the available results of social science research on those behaviors. Three complex case studies are discussed as wrap ups for each part of the course (decision making, two-party negotiations, final complex organizational decision making case).
|Continuous assessment||Partial exams||General exam|
Evaluation is based on various elements, both individual and team-based, and continuous (conceived as an ‘accumulation plan’), so as feedback is received early and performance can be impoved during the course.
- Case analyses assignments (16 points max): 2 major wrap-up case analyses assignments. They include prior reading of a case and three phases of case analysis: an individual take home analysis to be delivered at the time of the session (worth 5 point s max); an analysis in teams in class (written on whiteboards, worth 3 points max), and a plenary analysis with teacher’s inputs and feedback. Individual analyses can be sent by e-mail and delivered also in case of absence from the session (in which case only the individual work points are gained). - The Grand Game (3 points max): A max of 3 Point will be assigned to all the members of the teams participating in the Game ‘City-Ampu Negotiation’: 2 for achieving high joint payoff (1 for Pareto-superiority, 1 for superior fairness), and 1 for achieving high party payoff (with respect to average performance of other teams playing this game in other courses).
- Individual class participation (4 points max): 4 individual points for preparation and good individual interventions in class discussions in sessions without evaluated assignments (2 points assigned before the semester break; 2 points after).
Final case analysis (10 points max): [This task can be skipped by exchange students taking the exam only for pass or fail, if they have already gained 18 points with other activities]. An individual end course analysis of a real decision or negotiation situation selected by the student. The situation, and the information on it, can be based on experience – direct personal or by known others; or based on inteviews and/or documents (historical accounts, newspapers, multimedial accouts of historical events etc). The projects have to be presented orally, with the support of slides, in the final session(s) of the course. In addition to an evaluation function, the presentations have a collective learning function on the possible uses and applications of the course tools.
The maximum number of points attainable through the above scheme is 33/30. If the total of points gained is superior to 30, the final grade is ‘30 cum laude’.
- A written test with conceptual and applied questions (no multiple choice) on the adopted books, in the official exam dates.
- An individual paper (5 pages max) analyzing a real case of decision and/or negotiation (including personal experience, other people experience, journal reports etc) with the tools learned (to be delivered in print in the session in which the test is taken) .
The two evaluations are expressed on the standard 30 point scale and each of them should be sufficient for passing. If this condition is met, the simple average of the two partial grades constitute the final grade.
- L.L. THOMPSON, The mind and heart of the negotiator, Upper Saddle River, NJ, Prentice-Hall 2004 (or any subsequent edition).
- Selected Chapters on organizational decision making (indicated in the course Syllabus) from: A. GRANDORI, Organization and Economic Behaviour, Routledge 2001 (Available on Library Course Reserve).
- Course Slides (posted).